Law of electrostatic comprise two laws
Similar charge of electricity repel each other ,whereas dissimilar or unlike charges attract each other.
Second law :
The force exerted by two point charges
- Is directly proportional to the product of their strengths
- Is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them
- Is inversely proportional to the absolute permittivity of the surrounding medium.
This Law is also know as coulomb’s law and may be expressed mathematically as .
Where K is the constant of proportionality and is equal to
Coulomb or Unit of charge
A coulomb is that quantity of charge of electricity which when placed in air one meter away from an equal and similar charges repel it with a force of 8.987×10^9 Newton.
Equi-potential surface ;
Equi-potential surface is a surface in an electric field such that all point on it are at the same potential.
Potential gradient is the rate of change of potential with distance measured in the direction of electric force .Electric intensity at a point is equal to the negative potential gradient at that point.
Electrical potential at any point in an electric field surrounding a charge body is equal to the work done in moving a unit positive charge from a point where the potential is zero to that point where the potential is to be measured against the electrostatic force in the field.
The potential at distance d from q is given by
Electric intensity at any point in the field space around the charge is measured by the force which will act on a unit positive charge place at that point .Thus
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